Ernest Miller Hemingway is an American writer and journalist. He was born on July 21, 1899 in Oak Park, Illinois, United States and died by suicide on July 2, 1961 in Ketchum, Idaho.

Son of a doctor and a daughter of a merchant, opera singer, with whom he was in conflict all his life, he is the second of six children. In 1913, he entered high school and gave up fishing and hunting for sport. His early writings appeared in the school’s literary journal. In 1917, he refused to attend university and joined the Kansas City Star as a journalist.

When war breaks out, it is not incorporated because of a failing eye. He is still hired by the Red Cross and joins the front where he is wounded in the legs by a mortar explosion while trying to save a comrade. He still gets to the rescue centre. These events served as the basis for his 1929 novel Farewell to Arms.

In 1922, he came to live in Paris with his first wife. During this period, he met and was influenced by modernist writers and artists of the 1920s known as the Lost Generation. His first novel, The Sun Also Rises, was written in 1926. Divorced and remarried again, he left for Spain and took a stand in favour of the Spanish Civil War as a journalist, which allowed him to write “For whom the death knell” (a novel that made him all the more famous, published in 1940 after the victory of the Franquists in Spain). It was during this period that he met Malraux, whose legend says they would have co-wrote “Who sounds the death knell”.

During the Second World War, he participated in the landing and liberation of Paris. He was then married for the third time. Marriage that ends after the war. In 1946, he remarried for a fourth and final time.

He was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1954, “for the powerful and new style by which he mastered the art of modern storytelling, as proved by “The Old Man and the Sea”” and the Pulitzer Prize in 1953 for “The Old Man and the Sea”.

Suffering from diabetes and becoming blind, he committed suicide in 1961 who could not bear decay and old age, he whose life was a feast of adventures, encounters, drinking, fights and courage too, physical, sometimes defying death, and mental in the almost sickly application that he put to fine-tune his writing work.

Ernest Hemingway left (that) six novels, three autobiographical stories and hundreds of short stories, reports and articles, not to mention the posthumous works that are not mentioned here.


  • The Sun Also Rises (1926)
    The sun also rises
  • A Farewell to Arms (1929)
    Farewell to Arms
  • To Have and Have Not (1937)
    Have it or not
  • For Whom the Bell Tolls (1940)
    For whom the death knell sounds
  • Across the River and into the Trees (1950)
    Beyond the river and under the trees
  • The Old Man and the Sea (1952)
    The Old Man and the Sea

Autobiographical stories

  • Death in the Afternoon (1932)
    Death in the afternoon
  • Green Hills of Africa (1935)
    The Greens of Africa
  • The Dangerous Summer (1960)
    The Dangerous Summer

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